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In the ’40s, Koreans were taught slogans such as “Japan and Korea Are One.” But XXthroughout historyXX, Japanese culture XXhasXX used both compulsory patriotism and hierarchical ethnic difference—whichever was more convenient at the time—to put a stranglehold on the rights of KoreanXsX. As children, Koreans were systematically robbed of the most powerful elements of their identity: They were given Japanese names, learned the Japanese language, and worshipped at shrines to the Japanese emperor. When the Japanese government began a system of “comfort stations” (XXbrothels stocked with kidnapped prostitutesXX), its leaders sought women with perceived weaknesses: the rural, the poor, the young, and, overwhelmingly, the Korean. Kim Yoon-shim was jumping rope in front of her house when she was offered a ride in the first automobile she’d ever seen. The then-14-year-old spent the next XXsixXX years in government-enforced sex slavery, becoming one of as many as 200,000 “comfort women” who were enticed or forced into serving the sexual needs of the Japanese military before and during World War II. The survivors of this execrable system still fight for redress and sometimes just for recognition that they were victims of the practice. Editors Margaret Stetz and Bonnie Oh speak about their latest book, Legacies of the Comfort Women of World War II, at 6 p.m. Wednesday, Jan. 16, at the Embassy of the Republic of Korea, 2370 Massachusetts Ave. NW. Free. (202) 797-6346. (Pamela Murray Winters)